Annie Oakley

Image courtesy of the Nutley Historical Society, Nutley, NJ

Image courtesy of the Nutley Historical Society, Nutley, NJ

Sharpshooter Annie Oakley (1860-1926) began her career with a vaudeville shooting act in the late 1870s.

She reached international fame when Oakley and her husband Frank Butler joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show in 1885. Oakley had grown into an expert sharpshooter as a child. She would help to support her family by selling the wild game she had killed.

During the 1890s, at the height of her fame, Oakley and her husband wintered in Nutley. In 1894, she and others from the Wild West Show met in West Orange where Thomas A. Edison made a kinescope of their performance. Throughout her career, Oakley performed for Queen Victoria of England and Kaiser William I of Germany. As a member of the Wild West Show, Oakley toured in France, Spain, Italy, Germany, and England.




Carter, Alice A. The Red Rose Girls: An Uncommon Story of Art and Love. New York: Harry N Abrams, Inc., 2000.


Likos, Patricia R. A Grand Vision: Violet Oakley and the American Renaissance. Philadelphia: Woodmere Art Museum, 2017.


Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee. A Sacred Challenge: Violet Oakley and the Pennsylvania Capitol Murals. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee, 2002.


Spinner, Stephanie. Who Was Annie Oakley?. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 2002.


Swartwout, Annie F. Missie: The Life and Times of Annie Oakley. Darke County, OH: Coachwhip Publications, 2013.


Journal Articles: 

Gleiter, Jan, Kathleen Thompson, and Yoshi Miyake. 1995. Annie Oakley. Austin, Tex: Raintree Steck-Vaughn.