Alice Paul (1885-1977);
Alice Paul Toasts the Ratification Banner,
August 26, 1920
Courtesy, Alice Paul Institute,
Mount Laurel, NJ
was the architect of some of the most outstanding political achievements
on behalf of women in the 20th
century. Born on January 11, 1885 to Quaker parents in Mt. Laurel, New
Jersey, Alice Paul dedicated her life to the single cause of securing
equal rights for all women. She founded the National Woman’s Party in 1914
and led the first picketers to the White House gates in the name of
women’s suffrage. When women won the right to vote in 1920, Paul turned
her focus to the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) which she authored in 1923.
worked for women’s rights internationally and founded the World Woman’s
Party in 1938 with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Paul then
succeeded in getting a sexual discrimination clause written into Title
VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. She lobbied Representatives to pass
the ERA from her wheelchair in a nursing home in Moorestown, until her
death in 1977. Though the ERA never passed, her legacy lives on through
the work of the Alice Paul Institute.
For more information on Alice Paul, visit the
Alice Paul Institute
Alice Paul biography page.
Be sure to check out Alice Paul's birthplace and home, Paulsdale,
on the New Jersey Women's Heritage Trail.